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Understanding Sleep Apnea

Aug 1, 2023 | Sleep Apnea

Recognizing the Signs and Seeking Relief

Sleep is essential for our physical and mental well-being, allowing our bodies to recharge and rejuvenate. However, for some individuals, a good night’s sleep remains elusive due to an often undiagnosed and underestimated condition known as sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that affects millions of people worldwide, impairing their quality of life and overall health.

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by interruptions in breathing during sleep. These pauses in breathing, known as apneas, can last for a few seconds to minutes and may occur multiple times throughout the night. The two most common types of sleep apnea are:

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): This is the most prevalent form of sleep apnea and occurs when the muscles at the back of the throat fail to keep the airway open. The soft tissue collapses and obstructs the air passage, leading to breathing disruptions.
  • Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): This type is less common and results from the brain’s failure to transmit proper signals to the muscles responsible for controlling breathing. Unlike OSA, the airway is not blocked, but the body doesn’t receive the necessary instructions to breathe.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, genders, and body types, but certain factors, such as obesity, advanced age, and family history, can increase the risk. Some common symptoms of sleep apnea include:

  • Loud and Chronic Snoring: While not everyone who snores has sleep apnea, loud and persistent snoring is a common warning sign, especially in obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Pauses in Breathing: Witnessed by a bed partner or family member, these breathing cessations can be frightening to observe.
  • Excessive Daytime Sleepiness: People with sleep apnea often feel extremely fatigued during the day, regardless of how much time they spend in bed at night.
  • Morning Headaches: Frequent mornings with headaches could indicate the presence of sleep apnea.
  • Difficulty Concentrating: Sleep apnea affects cognitive function, making it hard to focus, remember things, and stay alert.
  • Mood Changes and Irritability: Sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can lead to irritability, mood swings, and even depression.
  • Frequent Nighttime Urination: Some individuals with sleep apnea may also experience an increase in nighttime trips to the bathroom.
  • Dry Mouth or Sore Throat: Waking up with a dry mouth or a sore throat may indicate breathing through the mouth during sleep, which is common in sleep apnea.
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The Importance of Seeking Medical Attention

Ignoring sleep apnea can lead to a host of health complications, such as:

  • Cardiovascular Problems: Untreated sleep apnea increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Sleep apnea is associated with insulin resistance and an increased risk of developing diabetes.
  • Weight Gain: The disruption of hormones caused by sleep apnea can lead to weight gain and difficulties in losing weight.
  • Daytime Fatigue Accidents: People with sleep apnea are more prone to accidents while driving or operating machinery due to excessive daytime sleepiness.

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that affects a significant portion of the population. The symptoms may vary from person to person, and some individuals may not even be aware of their breathing disruptions during sleep. If you or someone you know experiences any of the mentioned symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical evaluation and diagnosis from a sleep specialist.

Keep in mind that the doctors at The Mugford Center, nearby in Crofton, MD, are specialists in sleep disorders, including Sleep Apnea. Dr. John Bruce’s residency master’s topic was focused on Inflammatory Pathways Related to Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Periodontal Disease.

Early detection and appropriate treatment can significantly improve sleep quality, overall health, and enhance one’s quality of life. Call us today to schedule an appointment: (410) 260-0790.

Remember, a good night’s sleep is not a luxury; it’s a necessity for a healthy and fulfilling life.

(Photo Credit: Photo by Isabella Fischer on Unsplash)