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The Surprising Link: Grinding Your Teeth and Gum Problems

Jun 17, 2023 | Periodontics

We often associate dental issues with poor oral hygiene, cavities, or gum disease. However, there is an often overlooked but significant culprit that can contribute to gum problems – teeth grinding, also known as bruxism. Grinding or clenching your teeth can exert excessive pressure on your gums, leading to various oral health issues.

Insights on Bruxism

Teeth grinding is a condition characterized by the involuntary clenching, gnashing, or grinding of teeth. It often occurs during sleep, making individuals unaware of the habit unless their partner hears the noise or they experience symptoms. However, some people may also grind their teeth during the daytime due to stress or anxiety.

Grinding your teeth can cause a lot of damage, especially if it is left untreated. When a person grinds their teeth, it causes the teeth to break down and, in turn, causes the gums to become irritated and inflamed. If the teeth break down too far, this can actually cause damage to the gums and the gum line. Here are some ways teeth grinding can contribute to gum problems:

  • Gum Recession: The excessive force exerted on the teeth and surrounding tissues during grinding can cause the gums to recede. This exposes the delicate roots of the teeth and leaves them vulnerable to sensitivity, decay, and gum disease.
  • Gum Inflammation: Constant grinding can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation. Inflamed gums are more susceptible to infection and can contribute to the development of gingivitis or periodontitis.
  • Gum Bleeding: Aggressive grinding can cause the gums to bleed. Over time, this can weaken the gum tissue and result in persistent bleeding, especially during brushing or flossing.
  • Pocket Formation: In some cases, bruxism can lead to the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums. These pockets provide a breeding ground for bacteria, leading to gum infections and ultimately, periodontal disease.

Teeth Grinding Prevention and Treatment

Addressing bruxism is crucial for maintaining healthy gums. Here are some preventive measures and treatment options to consider:

  • Night Guards / Mouthguards: Wearing a custom-made night guard or splint can help protect your teeth and gums by creating a barrier between the upper and lower teeth. It reduces the impact of grinding, preventing damage to the gums and teeth. Designed to be worn throughout the night, these mouthguards are custom fitted for your mouth and will not hinder your ability to breath. This will help to protect the teeth, the gums and the tooth bed that is holding the teeth in place.
  • Stress Management: Since stress and anxiety can contribute to daytime teeth grinding, practicing stress management techniques such as meditation, exercise, or therapy can help reduce the habit.
    Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding stimulants like caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco, especially before bedtime, can help alleviate bruxism symptoms.
  • Dental Visits: Regular dental check-ups are crucial for early detection and intervention. Your dentist can monitor your gum health, identify signs of bruxism, and provide appropriate treatment recommendations.
  • Behavioral Therapy: In some cases, behavioral therapy techniques such as biofeedback or relaxation exercises can help individuals become more aware of their grinding habits and learn techniques to stop or manage them.
  • Correcting Misaligned Teeth: Malocclusion or misaligned teeth can contribute to bruxism. In such cases, orthodontic treatment or dental adjustments can help alleviate the pressure on the gums and reduce grinding.

Grinding Your Teeth and Your Oral Health

If you are grinding your teeth or think you might be, then it is time to come into our office, so we can evaluate your situation and see what kind of treatment plan or solution we can come up with to help eliminate the problem.

Your oral health is extremely important. It can actually impact your overall health. If you grind your teeth and damage them, then eating can become painful and difficult. This, in turn, leads to improper digestion, which leads to an entirely new host of problems. If you would like to learn more the dangers and risks associated with grinding your teeth, contact our office today to schedule an appointment. Please give us a call at our Crofton, MD office to schedule your appointment: (410) 260-0790.