Dangers of Not Treating Gum Disease While Pregnant
Posted on 7/26/2021 by David Mugford
Gum disease can be threatening to the mouth regardless of other conditions, but while pregnant, gum disease can create issues for both mother and baby. Expectant mothers are at higher risk for gum issues, and if there is gum disease present it may expose the unborn child to many risks. Though gum disease has many risks if gone untreated, it can create an increased risk for pregnant women and their unborn child.
How Gum Disease and Pregnancy are Connected
Due to the hormonal changes, expectant mothers are at increased risk for gingivitis development, which is inflammation of the gum tissue. There is research to show that mothers who develop gingivitis during pregnancy may be at more risk for conditions such as preeclampsia, low birth weight of the baby, and premature birth. It is important to be mindful of the possibility of gingivitis during pregnancy, and to engage in regular oral hygiene. Periodontal disease affects the health of a mother and her unborn child in many ways. One is that periodontal disease elevates levels of prostaglandin in mothers who have a more serious case of periodontal disease. This can cause premature birth or low birth weight. Periodontal disease also elevates levels of C – reactive protein (CRP) which can lead to inflamed arteries and possible blood clots. Also, the increase bacteria of periodontal disease can also spread to other areas including mammary glands and coronary arteries.
It is important to keep up with oral health during pregnancy because of the increased risk for complications. There are safe treatments for pregnant women, and there are healthy actions that can be taken to prevent periodontal disease, so that other issues do not arise. If you have questions about oral health care during pregnancy, please call our office and our periodontists will happily answer your questions who get you set up for an appointment.